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PhD Colloquium – 8 August: Resource-Aware State-Triggered Control of Networked Control Systems
August 8 @ 11:00 AM - 12:00 PM IST
Speaker: Anusree RajanSupervisor: Pavankumar Tallapragada Date and Time: Tuesday, 8 August 2023, at 11am Venue: MMCR (C241), EE Department Title: Resource-Aware State-Triggered Control of Networked Control Systems Abstract: Networked control systems are very popular nowadays, with different fields of applications such as environmental monitoring, industrial automation, military surveillance, and disaster management. Event- or self-triggered control is a commonly used control method in the field of networked control systems owing to its advantage of efficient utilization of resources while simultaneously achieving control objectives. In these control methods, the communication times are opportunistic and implicitly determined by a triggering rule. Thus, understanding inter-event times generated by a triggering rule is necessary for higher level planning and scheduling for control over shared or constrained resources as well as for analytical quantification of the usage of communication or other resources compared to a time-triggered controller. In the first part of this thesis, we provide a systematic way to analyze the evolution of inter-event times in planar linear systems, under a general class of scale-invariant event triggering rules. We provide a sufficient condition for the convergence or non-convergence of inter-event times to a steady state value. We also provide a sufficient condition for the asymptotic average inter-event time to be a constant for all non-zero initial states of the system. Then, under a special case, we comment on the asymptotic behaviour of the inter-event times, including on whether the inter-event times converge to a periodic sequence. Later, we extend our analysis of inter-event times to linear systems under region-based self-triggered control. In this control method, the state space is partitioned into a finite number of conic regions and each region is associated with a fixed inter-event time. We provide several necessary conditions and sufficient conditions for the local convergence of inter-event times to a constant or to a given periodic sequence. In the second part of this thesis, we consider a design problem. Most of the existing event- or self-triggered controllers are designed using sampled-data zero-order-hold (ZOH) control input. However, many communication protocols used in networked control systems, such as TCP and UDP, have a minimum packet size. So, ZOH control may lead to under-utilization of each packet while also increasing the number of communication instances. On the other hand, use of non-ZOH control leads to better utilization of the minimum payload of each packet while also reducing the overall number of communication instances. With these motivations, we propose a new control method called event-triggered parametrized control (ETPC). In this control method, between two consecutive events, each control input to the plant is a linear combination of a set of linearly independent scalar functions. At each event, the coefficients of the parameterized control input are chosen to minimize the error in approximating a continuous time control signal and then they are communicated to the actuator. We, first, showcase this method by focusing on the specific problem of stabilization of linear systems. We design two event-triggering rules that guarantee global asymptotic stability of the origin of the closed loop system under some conditions on the model uncertainty. Later, we use a similar idea to propose an event-triggered polynomial control method for trajectory tracking of unicycle robots. We design an event-triggered parametrized controller for trajectory tracking by a unicycle robot and provide guarantees for uniform ultimate boundedness of the tracking error. Due to time limitations, the colloquium will focus on the first part of the thesis. ——————————- All are Welcome —————————-